Posted by: Betty on: May 1, 2013
Vaginal discharge is common in most women of child bearing age and it is body’s own mechanism of keeping the vagina free of infections. Normally, vaginal discharge is clear to slight yellowish in appearance and is odorless. The problem arises when either its quantity increases, has an unpleasant odor, changes in consistency or in color and is accompanied with itching and irritation.
Pink vaginal discharge in menopause is not normal and is usually an indicative of some underlying pathology. Some of the common pathologies involved in pink vaginal discharge in menopause include:
Cancer of endometrium: Endometrium is the lining of the walls of the uterus. Cancer of endometrium is characterized by vaginal discharge ranging from light pink initially to the dark red color after menopause. It is also accompanied with pain in pelvis and during sexual intercourse.
Vaginal yeast infection: Yeast infection is also known as vaginal candidiasis and is very common amongst women. Yeast infection usually presents with irritation of vagina and around vulva. Although vaginal discharge is usually of white color and odorless but may become light pink if there is an internal bleeding.
Trichomoniasis: This is a sexually transmitted disease which is caused by a parasite. Vaginal discharge in trichomoniasis is foul-smelling and its color ranges from grey, white and yellow to green with occasional pink spotting. The discharge is accompanied with itching of genitals and pain during micturition. It can be prevented by practicing safe sexual intercourse and the best results are achieved when both the partners are treated simultaneously.
Foreign object in vagina: Most common foreign object in vagina is usually an intra- uterine device which is placed in uterus during reproductive years to prevent pregnancy. Presence of foreign object can cause vaginal bleeding in between periods and is one of the common causes of pink vaginal discharge in menopause.
Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea is another sexually transmitted disease but is caused by a bacterium. Symptoms of gonorrhea include increased quantity of vaginal discharge or bleeding from vagina between periods or after sexual intercourse.
Vaginitis: Vaginitis is the inflammation of vagina and is characterized by vaginal pain, itching and pink vaginal discharge in menopause. Estrogen levels after menopause decrease significantly because no ovulation is taking place. Normal balance of vaginal bacteria gets disturbed with decrease in estrogen level and can result in vaginitis.
Uterine polyps: Uterine polyps are abnormal growths of the cells and are formed due to abnormally dividing cells which are attached to the wall of the uterus and extend into the uterine cavity. If size of the polyps gets very large then they can cause pink vaginal discharge.
Estrogen supplement: Use of estrogen supplements due to its decreased amount after menopause can result in pink vaginal discharge along with feeling of bloating and nausea.
Pelvic inflammatory disease: Pelvic inflammatory disease is usually caused due to disturbance of normal flora (bacteria) of vagina. Sexually transmitted bacteria move up the vagina into the uterus and causes pain and heavy vaginal discharge with foul smell.
Posted by: Betty on: April 5, 2013
Vaginal discharge is a common problem experienced by most women and it is body’s own mechanism of keeping the vagina free of infections. Normal vaginal discharge is odorless and clear to slight yellowish in appearance. But if its quantity increases, has an unpleasant odor, change in consistency or in color and is accompanied with itching and irritation of the genital area then it is a cause of concern. Problem of pink vaginal discharge during pregnancy can be divided in the following phases:
EARLY PHASE: This is when the pregnancy is initially detected or in most cases not detected as yet. It is characterized by light pink color spotting and usually coincides with the expected day of menstruation. The cause of this spotting is bleeding due to implantation of the fetus in the uterus. This bleeding leads to change in color of vaginal discharge form clear to pink.
SECOND TRIMESTER: Pink vaginal discharge is more common during second and third trimester as compared to first trimester. In this phase the discharge may be present as dark red, pink or white color spotting. Remember, dark red color spotting indicates that heavy discharge is present. During 8th week of pregnancy, pink vaginal discharge occurs which is usually due to an increase in estrogen production which causes increased blood flow to the vagina. It could also be due to old cells lining of the walls of vagina or secretion from the cervix or vagina.
THIRD TRIMESTER: This is the last trimester of pregnancy and pink vaginal discharge at this stage is usually due to early detachment of placenta from the endometrium of uterus. Sometimes it could also be due to rupture of placenta.
ECTOPIC PREGNANCY: If the fertilized egg gets implanted at sites other than the uterus then it can cause bleeding from vagina which can cause pink discharge. The most common site of implantation in such pregnancies is the fallopian tube. This is because the egg and the sperm get fertilized in this area. Ectopic pregnancy is confirmed by ultrasound when the patient complains of severe and constant pain abdominal pain with missing periods. Other than the fallopian tubes, implantation can also take place in ovary or the abdominal cavity (rectrouterine cavity), ampullary region of fallopian tube, interstitial region such as the mesentery or in the internal opening of the uterus rather than the walls of uterus.
MISCARRIAGE: First presentation of miscarriages is usually pink vaginal discharge and then heavy bleeding takes place. It is also accompanied by abdominal pain, cramps and dull ache in the lower back region which follows bleeding. Risk of miscarriage increases many fold if the child bearing woman is above 35 years of age or has a previous history of miscarriage.
SEXUAL INTERCOURSE: Sexual intercourse should be avoided during pregnancy to prevent miscarriage and to ensure good health of both mother and the developing child. If pink vaginal discharge during pregnancy is experienced, it should be consulted with an obstetrician or gynaecologist to confirm the cause and ensure proper measures.
Posted by: Betty on: March 19, 2013
Vaginal discharge is due to the secretion of glands present in mucosa of cervix and vagina. This discharge is made in order to make the reproductive track moist. It prevents the damage caused by dryness of mucosa and also decreases the damage caused by friction and expulsion of dead cells and bacteria. By these functions, vaginal discharge keeps the vagina clean and helps prevent infection. Usually vaginal discharge is clear, watery fluid that is white in color. Color and odor of vaginal discharge vary according to the physiological state of the body. There are different types of abnormal vaginal discharge. Vaginal infections e.g. bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candiasis, trichomoniasis, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, infection caused by foreign bodies, atrophic vaginitis are some important causes of abnormal vaginal discharge.
Pink vaginal discharge during sex is usually due to the presence of a small amount of blood in vaginal discharge. Pink vaginal discharge during sex is caused by several physiological or pathological causes. Physiological causes of pink vaginal discharge during sex include increased vascularity, menstruation, ovulation and pregnancy. Increased vascularity of female reproductive track is seen during inter course. This increased blood supply to cervix and vagina can change the character of white and clear vaginal discharge to pink vaginal discharge during sex. Menstruation is another cause of pink vaginal discharge during sex. Vaginal fluid usually gets pink before periods and is an indication that the menstrual bleeding is going to start within a few days. If pink vaginal discharge during sex is followed by normal bleeding then it is considered to be normal. Ovulation is also an important cause of pink vaginal discharge during sex. Some females show a pinkish vaginal discharge at the time of ovulation. Pink vaginal discharge during sex is also the earliest indicator of pregnancy and is seen frequently during first trimester of pregnancy.
The pathological causes of pink vaginal discharge during sex include cervical or vaginal cancer, vaginitis, yeast infection, urinary tract infections and even miscarriage. Cancer is either in cervix or vagina and causes pinkish discharge from vagina. Vaginitis is the inflammation of vagina with redness of cervix and uvula. It is also followed by a foul smelling pinkish vaginal discharge. Yeast infection also causes irritation of vagina during intercourse and production of pinkish discharge during sex.
Inflammation of urinary tract can lead to small amount of blood in vagina causing pinkish discharge or sometimes heavy bleeding causing red discharge. Miscarriage can be suspected if recurrent pink vaginal discharge is seen without any apparent reason. Another cause of pink vaginal discharge during sex is abnormally placed IUD (intra uterine devices). When the IUDs are not in their proper place, they can cause irritation of walls of uterus and can lead to pinkish to reddish vaginal discharge. Pink vaginal discharge is seen in post-menopausal woman because of the decreased “estrogen” levels. Due to decreased estrogen levels it becomes difficult to maintain normal structure of vagina and it becomes more prone to wear and tear. It causes whitish, yellowish or pinkish vaginal discharge.
Posted by: Betty on: March 9, 2013
Overview of pink vaginal discharge
Pink vaginal discharge has not an infectious cause and is usually taken as pretty normal. It is a sign that the women will get her period soon or the time of ovulation is near. In some cases, little amount of pink vaginal discharge is considered as a symptom of being pregnant. However, the amount of discharge gets higher after giving the birth to a child and the process takes few weeks to complete. Infectious pink vaginal discharge causes and treatments differ from the normal pink vaginal discharge.
Pink Vaginal Discharge in the Beginning of the Period
In start of the menstrual period, the discharge could be pink in color, which is due to the addition of the little amount of blood in the white colored discharge that is produced in between the two periods. As soon as the menses gets proper, pink vaginal discharge turns into complete red due to the presence of high volume of blood during that time period. By checking the pink vaginal discharge, the women get aware about the time of start of periods which might occur within a day.
Pink Vaginal Discharge In Between Two Menstrual Cycles
There is also possibility of pink vaginal discharge during two periods. It is common for some women to bleed in case of ovulation, although the volume of bleeding is very low. The bright red blood gets out of the body and gets mixed with the normal white colored discharge that makes the vaginal discharge Pink in color.
Pink Vaginal Discharge during Pregnancy and After Giving Birth
It is also common that women counter low bleeding when they have their first menstrual period after delivery of their baby. The color of bleeding is usually very light. If a woman gets light spotting during her normal menses, she needs to make sure whether she is pregnant or not. Pink vaginal discharge during pregnancy is also quite common and does not do any harm as long as the smell and consistency is normal.
Nevertheless, after giving birth, there are women who do experience pink vaginal discharge. After the birth of the baby, the body of the woman works to remove the useless tissues out of the body and it occurs in the form of bleeding. Therefore, just after giving birth, a heavy period with high volume of blood starts for many days along with the pink vaginal discharge that is quite light in color but heavy in flow. Pink vaginal discharge can only occur for some days or for one week in which the color of discharge changes to white gradually because the uterine lining has been expelled out of the body. If a woman suffers from a constant heavy period after childbirth with intense pain, she should consult the doctor. Pink vaginal discharge is not harmful until the smell or consistency gets unusual along with the itching and burning at vaginal part.