Posted by: Betty on: May 1, 2013
Vaginal discharge is common in most women of child bearing age and it is body’s own mechanism of keeping the vagina free of infections. Normally, vaginal discharge is clear to slight yellowish in appearance and is odorless. The problem arises when either its quantity increases, has an unpleasant odor, changes in consistency or in color and is accompanied with itching and irritation.
Pink vaginal discharge in menopause is not normal and is usually an indicative of some underlying pathology. Some of the common pathologies involved in pink vaginal discharge in menopause include:
Cancer of endometrium: Endometrium is the lining of the walls of the uterus. Cancer of endometrium is characterized by vaginal discharge ranging from light pink initially to the dark red color after menopause. It is also accompanied with pain in pelvis and during sexual intercourse.
Vaginal yeast infection: Yeast infection is also known as vaginal candidiasis and is very common amongst women. Yeast infection usually presents with irritation of vagina and around vulva. Although vaginal discharge is usually of white color and odorless but may become light pink if there is an internal bleeding.
Trichomoniasis: This is a sexually transmitted disease which is caused by a parasite. Vaginal discharge in trichomoniasis is foul-smelling and its color ranges from grey, white and yellow to green with occasional pink spotting. The discharge is accompanied with itching of genitals and pain during micturition. It can be prevented by practicing safe sexual intercourse and the best results are achieved when both the partners are treated simultaneously.
Foreign object in vagina: Most common foreign object in vagina is usually an intra- uterine device which is placed in uterus during reproductive years to prevent pregnancy. Presence of foreign object can cause vaginal bleeding in between periods and is one of the common causes of pink vaginal discharge in menopause.
Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea is another sexually transmitted disease but is caused by a bacterium. Symptoms of gonorrhea include increased quantity of vaginal discharge or bleeding from vagina between periods or after sexual intercourse.
Vaginitis: Vaginitis is the inflammation of vagina and is characterized by vaginal pain, itching and pink vaginal discharge in menopause. Estrogen levels after menopause decrease significantly because no ovulation is taking place. Normal balance of vaginal bacteria gets disturbed with decrease in estrogen level and can result in vaginitis.
Uterine polyps: Uterine polyps are abnormal growths of the cells and are formed due to abnormally dividing cells which are attached to the wall of the uterus and extend into the uterine cavity. If size of the polyps gets very large then they can cause pink vaginal discharge.
Estrogen supplement: Use of estrogen supplements due to its decreased amount after menopause can result in pink vaginal discharge along with feeling of bloating and nausea.
Pelvic inflammatory disease: Pelvic inflammatory disease is usually caused due to disturbance of normal flora (bacteria) of vagina. Sexually transmitted bacteria move up the vagina into the uterus and causes pain and heavy vaginal discharge with foul smell.